Flash memory is computer storage memory that can be electrically erased and re-written. Flash memory started with single-level cell (SLC) data encoding where each storage transistor encoded a 1 or a 0. So it is ideal for devices such as cameras, solid state drives and so on. It is non-volatile, has a very fast access time and has a higher resistance to kinetic shock compared to a hard disc drive. NAND flash memory is a type of non-volatile storage technology that does not require power in order to retain data. Since flash memory devices do not have physically moving parts, they last longer. J    Fisher, Tim. A hard drive is likely to eventually get damaged since it has a head that is constantly moving over the metal platters. Flash memory is a non-volatile memory based on semiconductor chips. R    Flash memory is widely used as credit-card-sized memory cards, which are called PCMCIA (personal computer memory card international association), for portable computers, as handy memory extensions. It has the ability to be electronically reprogrammed and erased. E    The server flash memory is also referred to as cached storage and it provides to you access to fastest speeds with lower capacity. Memory refers to the location of short-term data, while storage refers to the location of data stored on a long-term basis. Flash memory is a part of legacy infrastructure. Flash memory is an electronic non-volatile computer memory storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed. Flash memory comes in two types NAND and NOR. Flash memory is a type of electronically erasable programmable read only memory (EEPROM), but may also be a standalone memory storage device such as a USB drive. RAM (Random Access Memory) RAM (Random Access Memory) is the hardware in a computing device where the operating system Such a BIOS is sometimes called a flash BIOS. P    A flash memory chip is composed of NOR or NAND gates. SuperFlash® Flash Memory Technology Advantages Webinar Using a transistor-level memory cell description, this video explains the technical details behind SuperFlash memory's advantages over conventional NOR Flash memory. Tim Fisher has 30+ years' professional technology support experience. It can ensure the data safety even in case of power outages. NAND flash memory is a type of non-volatile storage technology that does not require power in order to retain data. NAND flash memory is written and read in blocks smaller than the computer, while NOR flash memory reads and automatically create bytes. WhatsApp. Many modern PCs have their BIOS stored on a flash memory chip so that it can easily be updated if necessary. Flash memory (Known as Flash Storage) is a type of non-volatile storage memory that can be written or programmed in units called “Sector” or a “Block.” Flash Memory is EEPROM (Electronically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory) means that it can retain its … Flash Memory vs Hard Drive. TF card worked as the smallest memory card of all the time and it is used to store data in digital form. There are three major types of flash chip types: Single Layer Cell (SLC) – can hold only one bit per cell. Flash memory is a type of EEPROM chip, which stands for Electronically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory. A memory stick is a removable flash memory card developed by Sony in 1998. The concept of memory and storage can be easily conflated as the same concept; however, there are some distinct and important differences. Smart Data Management in a Post-Pandemic World. Flash memory incorporates the use of floating-gate transistors to store data. All the good Most of the flash memory's chips need the block-erasing but the chips of EEPROM can be deleted or rewritten in the unit of byte. Flash memory is widely used for storage and data transfer in consumer devices, enterprise systems and industrial applications. Flash memory is a solid-state chip that maintains stored data without any external power source. Flash is a transistor-based silicon memory technology that can store information permanently by trapping electrons into so-called floating-gate … Flash memory is immune to vibration, dust, and mechanical shocks. These NOR chips were a well-suited replacement for older ROM chips. NAND flash vs. In NOR gate flash every cell has an end connected to a bit line and the other end connected to a ground. This content is not compatible on this device. NAND flash memory is similar to a Hard disk with more data storage capacity. When power is turned off, RAM loses all its data. Flash drives are the bottom of the barrel when it comes to NAND memory as part of the BOM (bill of material). Flash drives are the bottom of the barrel when it comes to NAND memory as part of the BOM (bill of material). Flash memory is similar to the standard MOFSET, except the transistor has two gates instead of one. The shelf life of a NAND gate is approximately 100,000 write/erase cycles. It has a grid of columns and rows with a cell that has two transistors at each intersection (see image below). Optical storage devices such as DVDs use light to store data. In other words, nonvolatile memory won’t “forget” the data it has stored when the disk is turned off. Flash memory is a kind of nonvolatile memorizer.It can ensure the data safety even in case of power outages. Viable Uses for Nanotechnology: The Future Has Arrived, How Blockchain Could Change the Recruiting Game, 10 Things Every Modern Web Developer Must Know, C Programming Language: Its Important History and Why It Refuses to Go Away, INFOGRAPHIC: The History of Programming Languages, Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistor (MOSFET). Flash Memory Flash memory used in the production of USB drives stems from a sea of unknown factors. Flash memory is a type of non-volatile storage. C    What is Flash Memory? All three are kinds of computer memory, but RAM, ROM, and flash memory interact each in their own way with the data that they store. Flash memory used in the production of USB drives stems from a sea of unknown factors. L    Flash memory is also called flash RAM. フラッシュメモリ【フラッシュROM / flash memory / flash ROM】とは、半導体素子を利用した記憶装置の一つで、何度も繰り返し書き込みができ、通電をやめても記憶内容が維持されるもの。近年、データを永続的に保存するストレージ(外部記憶装置)製品の記憶素子として急激に普及している。 Join nearly 200,000 subscribers who receive actionable tech insights from Techopedia. #    The shelf life of NOR flash is 10,000 to 1,000,000 write/erase cycles. It is often found in USB flash drives, MP3 players, digital cameras and solid-state drives. Pinterest. NOR is a type of memory cell created by Intel in 1988. D    So it is ideal for devices such as cameras, solid state drives and so on. Flash memory is a memory storage device for computers and electronics. NOR has a high transfer efficiency and high cost effectiveness in small capacity of 1 - 4 MB, but comparatively, it has a slow write and erase speeds. G    EEPROM is a type of data memory device using an electronic device to erase or write digital data. More of your questions answered by our Experts. High density (128Mb – 512Mb) HyperFlash NOR Flash memories deliver the performance required for the highest-performance embedded systems found in automotive advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS), automotive instrument cluster, automotive infotainment systems, networking routers and switches and high definition set-top boxes. How flash memory works—a more complex explanation. NAND flash memory is the data storage format that is often found in solid state drives (SSDs), embedded memory cards, and USB devices. Flash memory was named after its capability to erase a block of data “"in a flash.” Dr. Masuoka’s objective was to create a memory chip preserving data when the power was turned off. Are These Autonomous Vehicles Ready for Our World? Everyone talks about flash, but not too many users actually know how it works. The technology is used in common storage devices such as flash drives, solid-state drives and memory cards. フラッシュメモリ(英: Flash Memory)は、FETでホットエレクトロンを浮遊ゲートに注入してデータ記録を行う不揮発性メモリである。東芝の舛岡富士雄が発明した。発表に際し、消去が「ぱっと一括して」できる機能から、写真のフラッシュの印象でフラッシュメモリと命名した[1]。, フラッシュEEPROMやフラッシュROMとも呼ばれている。各ビットの記憶セルの基本的な構造としてはある種のEEPROMであるが、複数ビットから成るブロック内で「押し流す」ようなメカニズムと[2]、読み書き可能な単位(ブロックサイズは数キロバイトから数十キロバイト)と速度が扱いやすい程度であることが特徴である。浮遊ゲートとシリコン基板間のゲート絶縁膜が極めて薄くなっている。, 主要な種別はNAND型フラッシュメモリとNOR型フラッシュメモリの2種である。それぞれの基本的な特徴は次の通り。, 書き込みがブロック単位であることはどちらも共通である。歴史的には、最初のフラッシュメモリとして発明されたのはNOR型で、続いてNAND型が発明された。いずれの発明も当時東芝の舛岡富士雄による。普及については主としてインテルによりNOR型が先行して市場に広がった。現在は、NAND型がキオクシアとサンディスクとサムスン、NOR型がマイクロンとスパンション、といったところが大手である。, NOR型は、マイコン応用機器のシステムメモリに適しており、従来から使用されていたROMを置き換える存在となった。ROMの交換で行われていたファームウェアの更新も、製品の筐体を開けることなく容易に行えるようになっている。, NAND型は、データストレージ用に適しており、携帯電話、デジタルカメラ、デジタルオーディオプレーヤーなどの記憶媒体として広く普及しており、それによって価格も低下している。, 初期のフラッシュメモリは、1セルあたりのビット数が1ビットであったため、大容量化するとダイのサイズが大きくなり、歩留まりも低下した。そこで1セルあたりのビット数を増やす為、フローティングゲートに入れる電子の数を制御し、また読み出し時には「ゲートに入った電荷に依存してゲート下へ電流を流すための電圧が変わる(Vthが変わる)現象」を利用することで、1セルあたり4段階の電圧レベルを用いて2ビットの容量を実現した物が考案され、これをマルチレベルセル(MLC)と呼ぶ。従来の1セルあたり1ビットのものは、シングルレベルセル(SLC)と呼ぶようになった(レトロニム)。セル数が同じ場合、1セルあたり2ビットのMLCはSLCの2倍の容量になる。3ビットならばSLCの3倍になり、4ビットならばSLCの4倍になる。業界の慣例としてそれぞれトリプルレベルセル(TLC)、クアドラプルレベルセル(QLC)と呼ばれている(ただしTLCの電圧レベルは8段階なので、3段階ではない)。速度・書き換え可能回数の面においてはSLCに優位性があるが(Vthの多段判定が不要などによる。MLC・TLCは書き換え回数を経るにつれ中間の2値の差が小さくなり、ここでの誤りがエラーの原因になる)、MLC・TLCはなによりも大容量化に優位性があり、これにより2019年現在では各社から大容量のSSDなどが低価格で販売されており、HDDから完全な換装もその速度を考えれば十分値段に見合うものになっている。, 消去・書き込みのためにVppとして別電源が必要なもの(二電源系)と、単一電源で動作するもの(単電源系)がある。単電源系はチャージポンプなどの昇圧回路を内蔵している。最近では、低容量のROM等には3.3V単電源のもの、携帯電話のROM用途には1.8V単電源またはCore 1.8V・I/O 3.3Vのものが多く使われている。, フローティングゲートに充電した電子によって情報を記憶するという構造のために、書き込まれたデータの保持期間は有限である。メーカーの公称値では、書き換えによって劣化していない状態(書き換え限度の10%以下)で数年(TLC)・5年(MLC)・10年(SLC)、書き換え限度まで達した状態から1年となっている[3][4][5]。これは環境の影響を受け、高温や放射線のあたる環境下においてはソフトエラー(英語版)が発生[6]して保持期間は通常よりも短くなる(条件次第では使用不能もありうる)。, NOR型であれば一般に20年程度の保持期間を持ち[7]、BIOSなどのファームウェアに使われている。ただし初期のフラッシュメモリ製品は既に20年以上が経過しており、保持期間が有限であることに変わりは無い。なお、これらの保持期間は最後に書き込んで以降の時間を示すものである[7]。, フラッシュメモリの記憶素子は、動作原理上絶縁体となる酸化膜が貫通する電子によって劣化するため消去・書き込み可能回数が限られており、記憶素子単体の書き換え寿命は短命なもの (TLC) では数百回が限界、長くても (SLC) 数万回程度である[8][9]。NOR型よりもNAND型の方が劣化が激しい。この記憶素子をそのまま記憶装置として使う場合、書き込みが特定ブロックに偏るため、未使用の記憶素子がある一方で特定の記憶素子だけが劣化によって寿命が尽きるという状況が発生してしまう。現状の製品では、書き込みの偏り対策としてコントローラを搭載して消去・書き込みが特定ブロックに集中しないようにウェアレベリングをしている。これにより書き換え寿命は論理的には伸びる。正確な計算方法はメーカーによって複数あり、例えば製品の最大容量と書き換え可能な領域等によって寿命は変わってくる[10]。, 一例では、Pure Storageのように各世代のNANDブロックサイズに合わせた書き込みを行うことにより、非効率な書き込みを減らし、SSDの寿命を最大化することに成功しているメーカーも存在する。, 書き込み可能回数を超えると、ストレージとして認識することができなくなったり、正常な記録ができなくなったり、正常に記録することができたとしても記録内容を維持することができず、記録した内容が壊れたり消えてしまったりする確率が上昇する[11]。, Intelの研究によれば、63nmから72nmのプロセスルールで製造されたMLC(2bit/セル)方式NANDフラッシュメモリ8Gbitチップの場合、1万回の書き換えでエラーの起きる確率が1ビット当たり100万分の1から1000万分の1程度(即ち8Gbitならばエラーの起きるビットは平均1000から100ビット)である[12]。, フラッシュメモリは半導体製品であり、電子回路の構成部品として回路基板上に実装された形で製品化されているものが大半である。電子回路であるがゆえにフラッシュメモリそのものの故障以外に、電子回路の他の部品(コントローラチップなどフラッシュメモリ以外の実装部品も含む)の故障の影響で使用不能に陥ることもある。, パソコン用デバイスとしてのフラッシュメモリは、当初ユーザーの操作で書き換え可能なBIOSを持ったマザーボードへの利用など表面に出ない用途だったが、やがてUSBメモリなどによるフロッピーディスクの代替としての利用が始まり、書き換えに対する耐久性の向上(ハード的な技術向上やソフト的に書き換える部分を集中しないようにする工夫 - ウェアレベリング)、大容量化・低価格化・高速化が進み、徐々に大容量記憶装置としての役割を担うようになっていった。, 2004年には、小容量ながらパソコンに内蔵してハードディスク (HDD) 同様ドライブとして使用できるソリッドステートドライブ(SSD)が登場。自作派のユーザーたちに浸透していった。2006年には、HDDを搭載しないでSSDを搭載しているメーカー製小型ノートパソコンが登場した。2007年発売の『Windows Vista』からは、USBメモリをHDDのキャッシュメモリとして使用するWindows ReadyBoost機能、2009年発売の『Windows 7』からはSSDはHDDとは別のデバイスとしてサポートされるようになっている。, ノートパソコンには機器の小型化および軽量化、省電力化、衝撃に対する強さが要求される。フラッシュメモリはハードディスクと比較してこれらの要素で優れており、さらに物理的な動作がないので静音化ができ、また高速にアクセスできるという利点も持つ。ただし低価格化が進んだとは言え、容量単価の点では依然としてハードディスクが有利であり、フラッシュメモリ搭載ノートパソコンはハードディスク搭載モデルと比較して割高な価格設定になりやすいが、2019年現在、その物理的に可動部が無いことによる耐衝撃性とHDDに比べ圧倒的な速度性能を考慮すれば、十分考慮できる価格帯まで落ち着いている。, 過去の経緯により、一般的にNOR型はSRAMインターフェース (搭載bit数が増えるとアドレスバス幅が増えていく)、NAND型はDRAMインターフェース (アドレスを複数回に時間分解するマルチプレクスを行う)である。また、組み込みシステム等の分野では、I²C等のシリアルバスを採用した素子(『シリアルフラッシュメモリ』と称されることもある)も用いられている。, 主としてNAND型で補助記憶装置としてパッケージされている商品の例を挙げる。これらのような商品の他に、Fusion-io(en:Fusion-io、現在はサンディスク傘下)のioDriveのように、フラッシュメモリの性能を最大限に発揮するようデザインされた製品などもある。, 2005年あたりまで、フラッシュメモリはハードディスクや光ディスクの容量単価とは比べ物にならないほど高額であり、この点がユーザーにとって大きな欠点であった。しかし、2006年頃になると、フラッシュメモリの価格が大幅にかつ急速に下落してゆき、価格的な欠点は段々と和らいでいった。これは、フラッシュメモリ製造会社が一斉に増産したためであった。それでもなお、フラッシュメモリの容量単価はハードディスクや光ディスクを抜き去るほどには低下していない[13]。, この急激な価格低下はフラッシュメモリ製造メーカーの経営に大きな打撃をもたらし、大手の東芝も打撃を受けていると報じられた[14][15]。また、フラッシュメモリ専業大手のスパンションは、価格下落と世界的な景気の低迷の影響もあって採算が悪化、会社更生法の適用を申請した[16]。, 製品やメーカーによってはメモリセル単体の寿命を1万回や10万回程度の保証としている(SPANSION社のフラッシュメモリデータシートによる), http://www.takeda-foundation.jp/reports/pdf/ant0104.pdf, (3)【フラッシュメモリー編】 長期間放置するとセル内の情報が消える《データ消失の謎》, (3/5)100年持たせるデータ保存術 - 【フラッシュメモリー】長期間の放置でデータが消える, NOR FLASH FAQS - KBA222273 - Cypress Developer Community, USBメモリの書き換え限界寿命が来ると何が起きるのか、実際に寿命が来たケースをレポート, フラッシュメモリー製造 米国NASDAQ上場Spansion Inc.子会社 Spansion Japan株式会社 会社更生法の適用を申請 負債741億円, https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=フラッシュメモリ&oldid=77879878, SLC (Single Level Cell):1個のメモリセルに1ビットを記憶、セルトランジスタのしきい電圧は2段階(消去が1つ、書き込みが1つ), MLC (Multi Level Cell):1個のメモリセルに2ビットを記憶、セルトランジスタのしきい電圧は4段階(消去が1つ、書き込みが3つ), TLC (Triple Level Cell):1個のメモリセルに3ビットを記憶、セルトランジスタのしきい電圧は8段階(消去が1つ、書き込みが7つ), QLC (Quadruple Level Cell):1個のメモリセルに4ビットを記憶、セルトランジスタのしきい電圧は16段階(消去が1つ、書き込みが15). He N    Vangie Beal. Flash memory is computer storage memory that can be electrically erased and re-written. Ordinary transistors are electronic switches turned on or off by electricity —and that's both their strength and their weakness. M    What is flash memory? H    Flash memory has many features. “What Is a Flash Drive?” Flash memory is a non-volatile form of electronic data storage and as a result it is used in many areas where short and medium term data storage is needed. The difference between flash drive and memory stick is that the flash drive is an ultra-portable storage device with an integrated USB interface while a memory stick is a portable flash memory storage device used with handheld devices. Flash memory is a variant of EEPROM (Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory). Flash memory was first introduced in 1980 and developed by Dr. Fujio Masuoka, an inventor and mid level factory manager at Toshiba Corporation (TOSBF). Flash EEPROM – more advanced than EEPROM and fast. K    Floating-gate transistors are electrically isolated and use a floating node in direct current (DC). Accidental dropping of a hard Cryptocurrency: Our World's Future Economy? It retains its information even without power. It is often found in USB flash drives, MP3 players, digital cameras and solid-state drives. Flash storage uses a type of nonvolatile memory called flash memory. Floating-gate transistors, or floating gate MOSFET (FGMOS), is similar to MOSFET, which is a transistor used for amplifying or switching electronic signals. The NOR gate interface supports full addresses, data buses and random access to any memory location. Flash memory architecture based on floating gate technology. Facebook. It was first invented by Fujio Masuoka in the early 1980s while at Toshiba and introduced it to the market in 1984. In NAND flash memory, several memory cells are connected in parallel. So, what are RAM, ROM, and flash memory? It can be used for a wide array of applications such as digital cameras, mobile phones, laptop computers, PDAs (personal digital assistants), digital audio players and solid-state drives (SSDs). NOR flash memory NOR flash memory is one of two types of non-volatile storage technologies. The company used memory sticks for various products including digital cameras, handy cams, and digital camcorders and Play Stations. Flash memory is different to most other types of electronic memory in that while reading data can be performed on individual addresses on certain types of flash memory, erase and write activities may only be performed on a block of a Flash memory. Flash memory is a memory storage device for computers and electronics.It is most often used in devices like digital cameras, USB flash drives, and video games.It was developed in the 1980s from the earlier and similar EEPROM.. A flash drive is a portable data storage device. Flash memory is a non-volatile form of electronic data storage and as a result it is used in many areas where short and medium term data storage is needed. If you want more detail, it helps if you read our article about transistors first, especially the bit at the bottom about MOSFETs—and then read on. What is the difference between little endian and big endian data formats? RAM stands for Random Access Memory, which means that you can read from or write to any memory element in (essentially) the same amount of time, in any order. All three are kinds of computer memory, but RAM, ROM, and flash memory interact each in their own way with the data that they store. Terms of Use - Flash memory definition, a type of reprogrammable memory that retains information even with the power turned off. Flash memory is available on different forms such as memory cards, memory sticks, USB drives and so on…. Flash memory is a non-volatile memory chip used for storage and for transfering data between a personal computer (PC) and digital devices. Put succinctly, memory is primary memory, while storage is secondary memory. Devices using flash memory erase data at the block level and rewrite data at the byte level -- NOR flash -- or multiple-byte page level -- NAND flash. NOR flash architecture. It is faster, has a lower cost per bit, requires less chip area per cell and has added resilience. Alternatively referred to as flash storage, flash memory is non-volatile computer memory. Flash memory is different from RAM because RAM is volatile (not permanent). V    Today, flash memory is very popular and solid-state drives are a practical replacement for large hard drives if you have the extra money. The flash memory is simply versatile as it costs very little and is offered with the operating flexibility of simple plug and play option. After that, there has been a rapidgrowth in flash memory over the years passes. Here’s a quick explanation of each kind of memory: RAM: Stands for random access memory; refers to memory that the microprocessor can […] Flash memory is different from RAM because RAM is volatile (not permanent). How Can Containerization Help with Project Speed and Efficiency? Two the most popular types are: NOR and NAND flash memory. NOR flash memory gives enough address lines to map all memory range. But the basic operating principle is same. Flash memory is a solid-state chip that maintains stored data without any external power source. In digital cameras, photographic images are stored in flash memory. It is a non-volatile form of storage, which means that it retains its data even without power. We’re Surrounded By Spying Machines: What Can We Do About It? HyperFlash NOR flash memories enable highest performance embedded systems that: Power up instantly by rapidly delivering boot code stored in the NOR Flash memory to the system microcontroller (MCU) via the low-pin-count HyperBus interface A special type of EEPROM that can be erased and reprogrammed in blocks instead of one byte at a time. Such a BIOS is sometimes called a flash BIOS. Straight From the Programming Experts: What Functional Programming Language Is Best to Learn Now? Flash memory is an electronic chi… Flash memory is also popular in modems because it enables the modem manufacturer to support new protocols as they become standardized. Its convenience of use has meant that in recent years its use has increased significantly and it is available in many formats. The two transistors are separated from each other by a thin oxide layer. The 6 Most Amazing AI Advances in Agriculture. The difference is in their size, cost, longevity, operating speed, and their availability. NAND flash memory is the data storage format that is often found in solid state drives (SSDs), embedded memory cards, and USB devices. Big Data and 5G: Where Does This Intersection Lead? Flash memory is made of solid-state chips in which the transistors are connected, so they function similarly to the logic gate type called NAND. F    Flash memory storage devices such as SSDs (solid state drives) are far more expensive than hard drives. Flash memory is extremely durable and can withstand intense pressure or extreme temperatures. Flash memory is a type of non-volatile storage. NAND is the more common, it is used on memory cards, SSDs etc. How This Museum Keeps the Oldest Functioning Computer Running, 5 Easy Steps to Clean Your Virtual Desktop, Women in AI: Reinforcing Sexism and Stereotypes with Tech, Fairness in Machine Learning: Eliminating Data Bias, IIoT vs IoT: The Bigger Risks of the Industrial Internet of Things, From Space Missions to Pandemic Monitoring: Remote Healthcare Advances, MDM Services: How Your Small Business Can Thrive Without an IT Team, Business Intelligence: How BI Can Improve Your Company's Processes. It is a non-volatile form of storage, which means that it retains its data even without power. The speed of flash storage is how got its name: It writes data and performs random I/O operations in a flash. Flash memory is a kind of nonvolatile memorizer. (depicted below). Flash storage uses a type of nonvolatile memory called flash memory. These cards were launched by the SanDisk company in 2004. It was also later developed by Intel. With a recent growth in popularity due to its property of adding IOPS and boosting flash memory while functioning alongside the host application, the Server Flash Memory is a largely preferred choice. Photo: A typical USB memory stick—and the flash memory chip you'll find inside if you take it apart (the large black rectangle on the right). TF or T-Flash stands for TransFlash. In 1988, Intel introduced NOR flash memory chip having random access to memory location. NOR flash memory can be execute in place (XIP) memory, meaning that programs stored in NOR flash can be executed directly from the NOR flash without needing to be copied into RAM first. O    The two main types of flash memory are named after the NAND and NOR logic gates.The individual flash memory cells, consisting of floating-gate MOSFETs, exhibit internal characteristics similar to those of the corresponding gates. 26 Real-World Use Cases: AI in the Insurance Industry: 10 Real World Use Cases: AI and ML in the Oil and Gas Industry: The Ultimate Guide to Applying AI in Business. This was the original name for the micro secure digital (SD) cards. This detailed technical education section explains all about flash memory It is a lot less expensive than EEPROM and does not require batteries for solid-state storage such as static RAM (SRAM). What is the difference between flash memory and hard drive? Like a tiny HDD but without moving parts, flash drives are also called pen, thumb, or jump drives. An important goal of NAND flash development has been to reduce the cost per bit and to increase maximum chip capacity so that flash memory can … Here’s a quick explanation of each kind of memory: RAM: Stands for random access memory; refers to memory that the microprocessor can […] In NOR flash memory every memory cell is connected to the floating gate. It is most often used in devices like digital cameras, USB flash drives, and video games. X    フラッシュメモリ(英: Flash Memory)は、FETでホットエレクトロンを浮遊ゲートに注入してデータ記録を行う不揮発性メモリである。東芝の舛岡富士雄が発明した。発表に際し、消去が「ぱっと一括して」できる機能から、写真のフラッシュの印象でフラッシュメモリと命名した 。 Contributor (s): Maggie Jones NAND flash memory is a type of nonvolatile storage technology that does not require power to retain data. Flash is used as storage in a number of devices, including cellular phones, digital cameras and MP3 players, in addition to USB flash drives. Flash storage is a data storage technology based on high-speed, electrically programmable memory. 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