To do so would be, however, to beg the question by disposing of the psychological process that gives rise to the semantic problem. In response to the question, "Were there any characteristics that did not fit with the others?" Further, two of these are classified in precisely the wrong way. Asch's approach put him at odds with the âbehaviorist elementismâ dominant in the 1940s and 1950s. Series A and B are at first referred, in Group 1, to entirely different persons. There is another group of qualities which is not affected by the transition from "warm" to "cold," or only slightly affected. While the results are, for reasons to be described, less clear than in the experiment preceding, there is still a definite tendency for A to produce a more favorable impression with greater frequency. At this point the reports of the subjects become very helpful. Early Research on Impression Formation Research on Impression Formation Before Social Cognition Updating Enduring Research Traditions from Pre-1970 Asch and the Focus on Traits Cronbach and the Question of Accuracy rarely There were 90 subjects in Group A (comprising four separate classroom groups), 76 subjects in Group. IV. 3. Increasing clearness in understanding another depends on the increased articulation of these distinctions. This was the tenor of most statements. To be sure, the manner in which an impression is formed contains, as we shall see, definite assumptions concerning the structure of personal traits. Abstracting from the many things that might be said about this work, we point out only that its conclusion is not proven because of the failure to consider the structural character of personality traits. Asch argued that in the impression formation process, the traits “cease to exist as isolated traits, and come into immediate dynamic interaction” (p.284). New York: Harper, 1946. This trend is not observed in all subjects, but it is found in the majority. the following responses are obtained: (a) 33 of 52 subjects answer that they formed a new impression, different from either A or B; 12 subjects speak of combining the two impressions, while 7 subjects assert that they resorted to both procedures. A few show factors at work of a somewhat different kind, of interest to the student of personality, as: I naturally picked the best trait because I hoped the person would be that way. Would a change of any character quality produce an effect as strong as that observed above? Nevertheless, this procedure has some merit for purposes of investigation, especially in observing the change of impressions, and is, we hope to show, relevant to more natural judgment. While not entirely conclusive, the results suggest that a full impression of a person cannot remain indifferent to a category as fundamental as the one in question, and that a trend is set up to include it in the impression on the basis of the given data. This has to do with the nature of the interaction between the traits. How consistent would this interpretation be with the observations we have reported? Subsequent observation may enrich or upset our first view, but we can no more prevent its rapid growth than we can avoid perceiving a given visual object or hearing a melody. Retiring and careful - but brilliant. Such an interpretation would, however, contain an ambiguity. 3. This remarkable capacity we possess to understand something of the character of another person, to form a conception of him as a human being, as a center of life and striving, with particular characteristics forming a distinct individuality, is a precondition of social life. We look at a person and immediately a certain impression of his character forms itself in us. - Our perceptions of Others are more than the sum of information (Traits) we know about others. Works alone, does not like to be annoyed with questions. Not all qualities were changed by this word. But in that case the nature of errors in judgment would have to be understood in a particular way. A very dynamic man. 2 Person Perception, Forming Impressions of Others I. For example, these subjects view "quick" of Sets 1 and 2 in terms of sheer tempo, deliberately excluding for the moment considerations of fitness. Great skill gave rise to the speed of 1, whereas 2 is clumsy because he does everything so quickly. Speed and skill are not connected as are speed and clumsiness. The A group contained 19, the B group 26 subjects. Though he hears a sequence of discrete terms, his resulting impression is not discrete. 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